The COVID-19 pandemic fundamentally changed mobility and cross-border movement in 2020, decimating tourism and business travel, severely curtailing labor migration, and dampening all forms of migration, including refugee resettlement. Since the onset of the public-health crisis, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has tracked the hundreds of travel restrictions, border closures, and health-related travel requirements imposed by governments globally. A new IOM-Migration Policy Institute (MPI) report draws from the IOM database to sketch the state of mobility across world regions in 2020, and the range of mobility-related strategies used to contain and mitigate the spread of the virus.
Join MPI for a two-panel discussion, featuring introductory remarks by IOM Director General António Vitorino, to examine how the pandemic reshaped border management and human mobility in 2020 and what the lasting impacts may be throughout 2021 and beyond.
The first panel will examine the government actions and regional and international coordination undertaken in 2020, including “travel bubbles” and immunity passports. Behind the sharp decline in global mobility lies a complex story of travellers stranded abroad, migrant workers locked out of destination countries where they might have performed seasonal or temporary work, displaced people facing severe difficulty in fleeing conflict and disaster zones, and asylum seekers struggling to apply for international protection. Speakers will focus on how policymakers have balanced health and economic concerns and the needs of vulnerable populations, along with capacity-building and unprecedented logistical issues in their responses to each phase of 2020—mobility lockdowns, phased reopening, and responses to new outbreaks and virus mutations. They will offer analysis of what has proved effective for both migration management and public health.
The second panel will explore what policymakers should consider as the world enters into a new, uneven phase marked on the one hand by rising vaccinations, but on the other by the spread of new COVID-19 variants and additional mobility restrictions as caseloads rise in some regions. Speakers will tackle questions surrounding emerging trends in migration, such as the widening gulf between those who may have the resources to travel freely and access to vaccinations versus vulnerable populations who may be unable to escape conflict or seek economic opportunities through migration. They also will discuss what it may take to reopen fully, a possible new border infrastructure focused on public health, which regional and international coordination efforts are showing promise, and a look ahead to major decisions that will need to be made in 2021.